American Journal of Applied Scientific Research

Research Article | | Peer-Reviewed |

Effect of Organic Amendments on Selected Heavy Metals (Cd, Cr and Pb) Uptake by Tomato (Lycopersicon Esculentum Miller) Plant

Received: Oct. 05, 2023    Accepted: Oct. 23, 2023    Published: Nov. 11, 2023
Views:       Downloads:

Share

Abstract

The accumulation of heavy metals in agricultural products and soil is a serious issue since it affects crop development and productivity as well as food safety and marketability. Global interest in the cleanup of heavy metal-contaminated soils has grown. The amendment of contaminated soil with organic materials is considered an environmentally friendly technique to immobilize heavy metals and minimize their subsequent bioaccumulation in plants. The aim of this experiment was to remediate waste Akaki River-irrigated Akaka irrigation farm soil with organic materials (animal manure, compost, and vermicompost) in a pot experiment with 3%, 6%, and 9% rates of organic material and contaminated soil in a greenhouse with ten treatments. Soil Comparative research on the impact of organic soil additives on heavy metal remediation from contaminated soil with heavy metals (Cd, Pb, and Cr) and the uptake of these elements by tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Miller) plants was carried out. Also, the heavy metal removal efficiency of organic additives from contaminated soil was examined, and vermicompost showed good removal efficiency compared to compost and animal manure. Organic amendments led to decreased heavy metal content in tomatoes and this decrease was best expressed with 9% vermicompost. It shows with increasing amount of organic materials the heavy metal removal efficiency also increases. Organic amendments were especially effective in reducing the lead content of tomatoes.

DOI 10.11648/j.ajasr.20230904.11
Published in American Journal of Applied Scientific Research ( Volume 9, Issue 4, December 2023 )
Page(s) 138-146
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Heavy Metal, Organic Amendment, Tomato

References
[1] Sherene, T. 2010. Mobility and transport of heavy metals in polluted soil environment. International Journal of Biological Forum. 2 (2), 112-121.
[2] Siegal, F. R. 2002. Environmental geochemistry of potentially toxic heavy metals. Springer-verlag, Heidelberg, 150-161.
[3] Kadirvelu, K., Thamaraiselvi, K. and Namasivayam C. 2001. Removal of heavy metals from industrial wastewaters by adsorption onto activated carbon prepared from Agricultural solid waste. Bioresources Technolology, 63-76.
[4] Singh A. and S. M. Prasad 2015. Remediation of heavy metal contaminated ecosystem: an overview on technology advancement. International journal of environmental science and technology, 12: 353–366, DOI 10.1007/s13762-014-0542-y.
[5] Tandy, S., Bossart, K., Mueller, R., Ritschel, J., Hauser, L., Schulin, R. and Nowack, B. 2004. Extraction of heavy metals from soils using biodegradable chelating agents. Environmental science & technology, 38 (3): 937-944.
[6] Bolan, N. S., Ko, B. G., Anderson. C. W. N. and Vogeler I. 2008. Solute Interactions in Soils in Relation to Bioavailability and Remediation of the Environment. 5th International Symposium ISMOM 2008 - November 24th - 28th, - Pucón, Chile.
[7] Walker DJ, Clemente R, Bernal MP 2004: Contrasting effects of manure and compost on soil pH, heavy metal availability and growth of Chenopodium album L. in a soil contaminated by pyritic mine waste. Chemosphere, 57, 215–224. doi: 10.1016/j. chemosphere.2004.05.020.
[8] Alvarenga P, Goncalves AP, Fernandes RM, Varennes A, Vallini G, Duarte E. 2009: Organic residues as immobilizing agents in aided phytostabilization: (I) Effects on soil chemical characteristics. Chemosphere, 74, 1292–1300. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2008.11.063.
[9] Huang M., Zhu Y., Li Z., Huang B., Luo N., Liu C. and Zeng G., 2016. Compost as a Soil Amendment to Remediate Heavy Metal-Contaminated Agricultural Soil: Mechanisms, Efficacy, Problems, and Strategies. Water Air and Soil Pollution, (1-1). DOI: 10.1007/s11270-016-3068-8.
[10] Salt, D. E., Smith, R. D. and Raskin, I., 1998. Phytoremediation. Annual review of plant biology, 49 (1), pp. 643-668.
[11] Clemente R, Waljker DJ, Bernal MP (2005) Uptake of heavy metals and As by Brassica Juncea grown in a contamination soil in Arnalcollar (Spain): The effect of soil amendments. Environmental Pollution 136, 46-58.
[12] Narwal R, Singh B 1998: Effect of organic materials on partitioning, extractability and plant uptake of metals in an alum shale soil. Water. Air. Soil. Pollut., 103, 405–421. doi: 10.1023/A:1004912724284.
[13] Alemayehu T. 2006. Heavy metal concentration in the urban environment of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Soil Sediment Contam 15: 591–602.
[14] Dagne Bekele Bahiru 2021. Evaluation of Heavy Metals Uptakes of Lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) Under Irrigation Water of Akaki River, Central Ethiopia, American Journal of Environmental Science and Engineering, 5 (1): 6-14, doi: 10.11648/j.ajese.20210501.12.
[15] Street, R. A. 2008. Heavy metals in South African medicinal plants research center for plant growth and development, PhD Dissertation, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Pietermaritzburg, South African.
[16] Bahiru B. D., Teju E., Kebede T., Demissie N. 2019. Levels of some toxic heavy metals (Cr, Cd and Pb) in selected vegetables and soil around eastern industry zone, central Ethiopia. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 14 (2): 92-101.
[17] Loon, J. C., 1985. Selected methods of trace metal analysis biological and environmental samples. New York. 5: 3685-3689.
[18] Van Reeuwijk, L. P. 1992. Procedures for soil analysis, 3rd Ed. International Soil Reference and Information Center (ISRIC), Wageningen, the Netherlands. 34p.
[19] Richards, L. A. (ed.), U. S. Salinity Laboratory Staff (1954, Reprint 1969) Diagnosis and improvement of saline and alkaline soils. USDA Agriculture Handbook No. 60. U. S. Dept.
[20] Walkey, A. and Black, I. A. 1934. An examination of degtjareff method for determining soil organic matter and a proposed modification of the chromic acid titration method. Soil Science, 37: 29-38.
[21] Black, C. A. 1965. Methods of soil analysis. Part I, American Society of Agronomy.
[22] Olsen, S. R., Cole, C. V., Watanable F. S. and Dean L. A. 1954. Estimation of available phosphorus in soil by extraction with sodium bicarbonate. USDA Circular. 939: 1-19.
[23] Jackson, M. L. 1967. Chemical Analysis. Prentice Hall, Inc., Engle Wood Cliffs. New Jersey. 183-204.
[24] Yoon, Y., Gürhan-Canli, Z. and Schwarz, N., 2006. The effect of corporate social responsibility (CSR) activities on companies with bad reputations. Journal of consumer psychology, 16 (4), pp. 377-390.
[25] Emenike C. U., Agamuthu P. and Fauziah S. H. 2017. Sustainable remediation of heavy metal polluted soil: a biotechnical interaction with selected bacteria species. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 182: 275–278.
[26] Gomez and Gomez, 1984. Statistical procedures for agricultural researcher, 2nd edition.
[27] Somerville, P. D., May, P. B. and Livesley, S. J., 2018. Effects of deep tillage and municipal green waste compost amendments on soil properties and tree growth in compacted urban soils. Journal of Environmental Management, 227, pp. 365-374.
[28] Paradelo, R., Basanta, R. and Barral, M. T., 2019. Water-holding capacity and plant growth in compost-based substrates modified with polyacrylamide, guar gum or bentonite. Scientia horticulturae, 243, pp. 344-349.
[29] Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives. Meeting and World Health Organization, 2001. Safety evaluation of certain mycotoxins in food (Vol. 74). Food & Agriculture Org.
[30] USEPA (US Environmental Protection Agency), 2002. Child-Specific Exposure Factors Handbook. EPA-600-P-00-002B. National Center for Environmental Assessment. Available from: http://cfpub.epa.gov/ncea/cfm/recordisplay.cfm?PrintVersion=True&deid=52047.
[31] Rangasamy S., Alagirisamy B., PurushothamanG. and Santiago M. 2013. Effect of vermicompost on biotransformation and bioavailability of hexavalent chromium in soil. Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science, 5 (3): 34-40.
[32] European Union EU 2002. Heavy Metals in Wastes, European Commission on Environment http://ec.europa.eu/environment/waste/studies/pdf/heavy_metalsreport.
[33] Cataldo, D. A., Garland, T. R. and Wildung, R. E., 1981. Cadmium distribution and chemical fate in soybean plants. Plant Physiology, 68 (4), pp. 835-839.
[34] Bahiru, D. B., 2020. Determination of heavy metals in wastewater and their toxicological implications around eastern industrial zone, Central Ethiopia. Journal of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology, 12 (2), pp. 72-79.
[35] Al-Weher, S. M., 2008. Levels of heavy metal Cd, Cu and Zn in three fish species collected from the Northern Jordan Valley, Jordan. Jordan journal of biological sciences, 1 (1), pp. 41-46.
[36] WHO. 1989. Evaluation of certain food additives and contaminants (Thirty-third report of the joint FAO/WHO expert report series No. 776, WHO, Geneva.
[37] Di Toppi, L. S. and Gabbrielli, R., 1999. Response to cadmium in higher plants. Environmental and experimental botany, 41 (2), pp. 105-130.
[38] Valle, F., Balba, P., Merino, E. and Bollvar, F., 1991. The role of penicillin amidases in nature and in industry. Trends in biochemical sciences, 16, pp. 36-40.
[39] Divrikli, U., Saracoglu, S., Soylak, M. and Elçi, L., 2003. Determination of trace heavy metal contents of green vegetable samples from Kayseri-Turkey by flame atomic absorption spectrometry. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin.
[40] HO. 1999. Permissible limits of heavy metals in soil and plants (Geneva: World Health Organization), Switzerland.
[41] FAO. 1985. Water Quality for Agriculture. Irrigation and drainage paper No. 29, Rev. 1. Food and agriculture organization of the United Nations, Rome.
[42] Delistraty, D. and Stone, A., 2007. Dioxins, metals, and fish toxicity in ash residue from space heaters burning used motor oil. Chemosphere, 68 (5), pp. 907-914.
[43] Shadreck, M. and Mugadza, T., 2013. Chromium, an essential nutrient and pollutant: A review. African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry, 7 (9), pp. 310-317.
[44] Arunkumar, R. I., Rajasekaran, P. and Michael, R. D., 2000. Differential effect of chromium compounds on the immune response of the African mouth breeder Oreochromis mossambicus (Peters). Fish & Shellfish Immunology, 10 (8), pp. 667-676.
[45] Farid G, Sarwar N, Saifullah Ahmad A, Ghafoor A, Rehman M (2015). Heavy metals (Cd, Ni and Pb) contamination of soils, plants and waters in madina town of Faisalabad Metropolitan and Preparation of Gis Based Maps. Advances in Crop Science and Technology 4 (1): 1-7.
[46] Bhat, S. A., Hassan, T. and Majid, S., 2019. Heavy metal toxicity and their harmful effects on living organisms–a review. International Journal of Medical Science And Diagnosis Research, 3 (1), pp. 106-122.
[47] Bolan, N., Kunhikrishnan, A., Thangarajan, R., Kumpiene, J., Park, J., Makino, T., Kirkham, M. B. and Scheckel, K., 2014. Remediation of heavy metal (loid) s contaminated soils–to mobilize or to immobilize? Journal of hazardous materials, 266, pp. 141-166.
[48] Park J. H., Lamb D., Paneerselvam P., Choppala G., Bolan N., Chung J. W. 2011. Role of organic amendments on enhanced bioremediation of heavy metal (loid) contaminated soils. Journal of Hazard Mater 185: 549–574.
[49] Kumar, N., Chandan, N. K., Bhushan, S., Singh, D. K. and Kumar, S., 2023. Health risk assessment and metal contamination in fish, water and soil sediments in the East Kolkata Wetlands, India, Ramsar site. Scientific Reports, 13 (1), p. 1546.
[50] ATSDR. 1994. Toxicological Profile for Zinc. US Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service. USA.
Cite This Article
  • APA Style

    Bekele, D., Abeble, L., Yimam, M. (2023). Effect of Organic Amendments on Selected Heavy Metals (Cd, Cr and Pb) Uptake by Tomato (Lycopersicon Esculentum Miller) Plant. American Journal of Applied Scientific Research, 9(4), 138-146. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajasr.20230904.11

    Copy | Download

    ACS Style

    Bekele, D.; Abeble, L.; Yimam, M. Effect of Organic Amendments on Selected Heavy Metals (Cd, Cr and Pb) Uptake by Tomato (Lycopersicon Esculentum Miller) Plant. Am. J. Appl. Sci. Res. 2023, 9(4), 138-146. doi: 10.11648/j.ajasr.20230904.11

    Copy | Download

    AMA Style

    Bekele D, Abeble L, Yimam M. Effect of Organic Amendments on Selected Heavy Metals (Cd, Cr and Pb) Uptake by Tomato (Lycopersicon Esculentum Miller) Plant. Am J Appl Sci Res. 2023;9(4):138-146. doi: 10.11648/j.ajasr.20230904.11

    Copy | Download

  • @article{10.11648/j.ajasr.20230904.11,
      author = {Dagne Bekele and Lijalem Abeble and Mohammed Yimam},
      title = {Effect of Organic Amendments on Selected Heavy Metals (Cd, Cr and Pb) Uptake by Tomato (Lycopersicon Esculentum Miller) Plant},
      journal = {American Journal of Applied Scientific Research},
      volume = {9},
      number = {4},
      pages = {138-146},
      doi = {10.11648/j.ajasr.20230904.11},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajasr.20230904.11},
      eprint = {https://download.sciencepg.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ajasr.20230904.11},
      abstract = {The accumulation of heavy metals in agricultural products and soil is a serious issue since it affects crop development and productivity as well as food safety and marketability. Global interest in the cleanup of heavy metal-contaminated soils has grown. The amendment of contaminated soil with organic materials is considered an environmentally friendly technique to immobilize heavy metals and minimize their subsequent bioaccumulation in plants. The aim of this experiment was to remediate waste Akaki River-irrigated Akaka irrigation farm soil with organic materials (animal manure, compost, and vermicompost) in a pot experiment with 3%, 6%, and 9% rates of organic material and contaminated soil in a greenhouse with ten treatments. Soil Comparative research on the impact of organic soil additives on heavy metal remediation from contaminated soil with heavy metals (Cd, Pb, and Cr) and the uptake of these elements by tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Miller) plants was carried out. Also, the heavy metal removal efficiency of organic additives from contaminated soil was examined, and vermicompost showed good removal efficiency compared to compost and animal manure. Organic amendments led to decreased heavy metal content in tomatoes and this decrease was best expressed with 9% vermicompost. It shows with increasing amount of organic materials the heavy metal removal efficiency also increases. Organic amendments were especially effective in reducing the lead content of tomatoes.
    },
     year = {2023}
    }
    

    Copy | Download

  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - Effect of Organic Amendments on Selected Heavy Metals (Cd, Cr and Pb) Uptake by Tomato (Lycopersicon Esculentum Miller) Plant
    AU  - Dagne Bekele
    AU  - Lijalem Abeble
    AU  - Mohammed Yimam
    Y1  - 2023/11/11
    PY  - 2023
    N1  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajasr.20230904.11
    DO  - 10.11648/j.ajasr.20230904.11
    T2  - American Journal of Applied Scientific Research
    JF  - American Journal of Applied Scientific Research
    JO  - American Journal of Applied Scientific Research
    SP  - 138
    EP  - 146
    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2471-9730
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajasr.20230904.11
    AB  - The accumulation of heavy metals in agricultural products and soil is a serious issue since it affects crop development and productivity as well as food safety and marketability. Global interest in the cleanup of heavy metal-contaminated soils has grown. The amendment of contaminated soil with organic materials is considered an environmentally friendly technique to immobilize heavy metals and minimize their subsequent bioaccumulation in plants. The aim of this experiment was to remediate waste Akaki River-irrigated Akaka irrigation farm soil with organic materials (animal manure, compost, and vermicompost) in a pot experiment with 3%, 6%, and 9% rates of organic material and contaminated soil in a greenhouse with ten treatments. Soil Comparative research on the impact of organic soil additives on heavy metal remediation from contaminated soil with heavy metals (Cd, Pb, and Cr) and the uptake of these elements by tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Miller) plants was carried out. Also, the heavy metal removal efficiency of organic additives from contaminated soil was examined, and vermicompost showed good removal efficiency compared to compost and animal manure. Organic amendments led to decreased heavy metal content in tomatoes and this decrease was best expressed with 9% vermicompost. It shows with increasing amount of organic materials the heavy metal removal efficiency also increases. Organic amendments were especially effective in reducing the lead content of tomatoes.
    
    VL  - 9
    IS  - 4
    ER  - 

    Copy | Download

Author Information
  • Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Debre Zeit Agricultural Research Center, Debre Zeit, Ethiopia

  • Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Debre Zeit Agricultural Research Center, Debre Zeit, Ethiopia

  • Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Debre Zeit Agricultural Research Center, Debre Zeit, Ethiopia

  • Section