American Journal of Applied Scientific Research

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Research on Reactive Brazed Connections of Steel/Ceramics

Received: Jul. 17, 2023    Accepted: Aug. 03, 2023    Published: Aug. 22, 2023
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Abstract

Ceramics are widely used in aerospace and industrial production due to their excellent mechanical properties. However, due to the shortcomings of ceramics, such as high hardness and brittleness, it is difficult to be processed into the shapes required for engineering applications, and it needs to be connected with metals to form ceramic/metal composites with complementary properties, and the selection of suitable connection technology becomes the key to determine the strength of ceramic/metal properties. And reactive brazing in the connection of ceramics and metal showed very superior mechanical properties. The active element can effectively wet the ceramic and form a reaction layer through diffusion, which enhances the stability and connection strength of ceramic/metal joints. At the same time, the active brazing material can efficiently relieve the residual thermal stress, which plays an important role in maintaining the integrity of the joint. This paper summarizes the current research status of ceramic/metal brazed joints at home and abroad in recent years, analyzes the microscopic morphology, interfacial structure and mechanical properties of the joints, and concludes that the joints are generally composed of the structure of metal base material + reaction layer + reactive brazing material + reaction layer + ceramic base material, of which the reaction layer depends on brazing material to a large extent. Finally, the problems of metal/ceramic in the joining process are summarized.

DOI 10.11648/j.ajasr.20230903.17
Published in American Journal of Applied Scientific Research ( Volume 9, Issue 3, September 2023 )
Page(s) 134-137
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Ceramics/Metal, Brazing, Complementary Properties

References
[1] Liu G, Zhang X, Yang J, et al. Recent advances in joining of SiC-based materials (monolithic SiC and SiCf/SiC composites): Joining processes, joint strength, and interfacial behavior [J]. Journal of Advanced Ceramics, 2019, 8: 19-38.
[2] Alves F J L, Baptista A M, Marques A T. Metal and ceramic matrix composites in aerospace engineering [M]. Advanced composite materials for aerospace engineering. Woodhead Publishing, 2016: 59-99.
[3] Zhang Y, Chen Y K, Yu D S, et al. A review paper on effect of the welding process of ceramics and metals [J]. Journal of Materials Research and Technology, 2020, 9 (6): 16214-16236.
[4] Asthana R, Singh M, Sobczak N. The Role of Wetting and Reactivity in Infiltration of Ceramic-Metal Composites [J]. Advances in Ceramic Coatings and Ceramic-Metal Systems: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, 2005, 26: 248-261.
[5] Atabaki M M. Recent progress in joining of ceramic powder metallurgy products to metals [J]. Metalurgija Sisak Then Zagreb, 2010, 16 (4): 255-268.
[6] Liu Guohua. Preparation, processing and brazing properties of AgCuTi active solder [D]. Kunming Institute of Precious Metals, 2022: 73-90.
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[8] Pan L, Gu J, Zou W, et al. Brazing joining of Ti3AlC2 ceramic and 40Cr steel based on Ag-Cu-Ti filler metal [J]. Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 2018, 251: 181-187.
[9] Zhang L X, Wu L Z, Liu D, et al. Interface microstructure and mechanical properties of the brazed SiO2 glass ceramic and 30Cr3 high-tensile steel joint [J]. Materials Science and Engineering: A, 2008, 496 (1-2): 393-398.
[10] Lin K L, Singh M, Asthana R, et al. Interfacial and mechanical characterization of yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) to stainless steel joints fabricated using Ag–Cu–Ti interlayers [J]. Ceramics International, 2014, 40 (1): 2063-2071.
[11] Singh M, Asthana R, Varela F M, et al. Microstructural and mechanical evaluation of a Cu-based active braze alloy to join silicon nitride ceramics [J]. Journal of the European Ceramic Society, 2011, 31 (7): 1309-1316.
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[13] Wang Xinyang, Li Yan, Wei Shizhong, et al. Active brazing of Al2O3 ceramics to Q235 steel [J]. New technology and process, 2010 (05): 85-89.
[14] Zhang W, Li N. Brazing process of alumina ceramic to steel [J]. Transactions of the China Welding Institution, 2010, 31 (11): 97-100.
[15] Blugan G, Janczak-Rusch J, Kuebler J. Properties and fractography of Si3N4/TiN ceramic joined to steel with active single layer and double layer braze filler alloys [J]. Acta Materialia, 2004, 52 (15): 4579-4588.
[16] Deng Tenghui, Chen Hexing, Liu Fengmei, et al. Discussion on the microstructure and properties of active brazing joints of Al2O3 ceramics and Cr12 steel [J]. Hot processing technology, 2015, 44 (9): 56-58.
[17] Tillmann W, Schaak C, Pfeiffer J. Reactive partial transient liquid phase bonding (R-PTLPB) of YSZ to Crofer22APU using Nickel and Copper-Nickel as core interlayers [J]. Mater Sci Technol, 2015: 156-178.
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  • APA Style

    Yuqiang Liu, Yan Zhang, Jianping Zhou, Daqian Sun, Hongmei Li. (2023). Research on Reactive Brazed Connections of Steel/Ceramics. American Journal of Applied Scientific Research, 9(3), 134-137. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajasr.20230903.17

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    ACS Style

    Yuqiang Liu; Yan Zhang; Jianping Zhou; Daqian Sun; Hongmei Li. Research on Reactive Brazed Connections of Steel/Ceramics. Am. J. Appl. Sci. Res. 2023, 9(3), 134-137. doi: 10.11648/j.ajasr.20230903.17

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    AMA Style

    Yuqiang Liu, Yan Zhang, Jianping Zhou, Daqian Sun, Hongmei Li. Research on Reactive Brazed Connections of Steel/Ceramics. Am J Appl Sci Res. 2023;9(3):134-137. doi: 10.11648/j.ajasr.20230903.17

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  • @article{10.11648/j.ajasr.20230903.17,
      author = {Yuqiang Liu and Yan Zhang and Jianping Zhou and Daqian Sun and Hongmei Li},
      title = {Research on Reactive Brazed Connections of Steel/Ceramics},
      journal = {American Journal of Applied Scientific Research},
      volume = {9},
      number = {3},
      pages = {134-137},
      doi = {10.11648/j.ajasr.20230903.17},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajasr.20230903.17},
      eprint = {https://download.sciencepg.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ajasr.20230903.17},
      abstract = {Ceramics are widely used in aerospace and industrial production due to their excellent mechanical properties. However, due to the shortcomings of ceramics, such as high hardness and brittleness, it is difficult to be processed into the shapes required for engineering applications, and it needs to be connected with metals to form ceramic/metal composites with complementary properties, and the selection of suitable connection technology becomes the key to determine the strength of ceramic/metal properties. And reactive brazing in the connection of ceramics and metal showed very superior mechanical properties. The active element can effectively wet the ceramic and form a reaction layer through diffusion, which enhances the stability and connection strength of ceramic/metal joints. At the same time, the active brazing material can efficiently relieve the residual thermal stress, which plays an important role in maintaining the integrity of the joint. This paper summarizes the current research status of ceramic/metal brazed joints at home and abroad in recent years, analyzes the microscopic morphology, interfacial structure and mechanical properties of the joints, and concludes that the joints are generally composed of the structure of metal base material + reaction layer + reactive brazing material + reaction layer + ceramic base material, of which the reaction layer depends on brazing material to a large extent. Finally, the problems of metal/ceramic in the joining process are summarized.},
     year = {2023}
    }
    

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  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - Research on Reactive Brazed Connections of Steel/Ceramics
    AU  - Yuqiang Liu
    AU  - Yan Zhang
    AU  - Jianping Zhou
    AU  - Daqian Sun
    AU  - Hongmei Li
    Y1  - 2023/08/22
    PY  - 2023
    N1  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajasr.20230903.17
    DO  - 10.11648/j.ajasr.20230903.17
    T2  - American Journal of Applied Scientific Research
    JF  - American Journal of Applied Scientific Research
    JO  - American Journal of Applied Scientific Research
    SP  - 134
    EP  - 137
    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2471-9730
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajasr.20230903.17
    AB  - Ceramics are widely used in aerospace and industrial production due to their excellent mechanical properties. However, due to the shortcomings of ceramics, such as high hardness and brittleness, it is difficult to be processed into the shapes required for engineering applications, and it needs to be connected with metals to form ceramic/metal composites with complementary properties, and the selection of suitable connection technology becomes the key to determine the strength of ceramic/metal properties. And reactive brazing in the connection of ceramics and metal showed very superior mechanical properties. The active element can effectively wet the ceramic and form a reaction layer through diffusion, which enhances the stability and connection strength of ceramic/metal joints. At the same time, the active brazing material can efficiently relieve the residual thermal stress, which plays an important role in maintaining the integrity of the joint. This paper summarizes the current research status of ceramic/metal brazed joints at home and abroad in recent years, analyzes the microscopic morphology, interfacial structure and mechanical properties of the joints, and concludes that the joints are generally composed of the structure of metal base material + reaction layer + reactive brazing material + reaction layer + ceramic base material, of which the reaction layer depends on brazing material to a large extent. Finally, the problems of metal/ceramic in the joining process are summarized.
    VL  - 9
    IS  - 3
    ER  - 

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Author Information
  • School of Mechanical Engineering, Xinjiang University, Wulumuqi, China

  • School of Mechanical Engineering, Xinjiang University, Wulumuqi, China

  • School of Mechanical Engineering, Xinjiang University, Wulumuqi, China

  • Key Laboratory of Automobile Materials, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Jilin University, Changchun, China

  • Key Laboratory of Automobile Materials, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Jilin University, Changchun, China

  • Section