American Journal of Applied Scientific Research

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Analysis of Current and Future Water Demand Situation in Gondar City Administration, Northwest Ethiopia

Received: Jul. 12, 2023    Accepted: Jul. 27, 2023    Published: Aug. 05, 2023
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Abstract

Water scarcity will affect the majority of the world's countries by 2025. The majority of developing countries in Africa and Asia are severely impacted by issues related to access to clean and safe potable drinking water. Water production and demand are unbalanced, and as a result of the continuous interruption of the water supply system, residents are experiencing water-related problems. Clean water resources are becoming scarce as a result of climate change and population growth. The main objective of the study is to analyze the current and future water demand situation in the Gondar city administration. In this study, the researcher used a cross-sectional research design based on the ground that helps advantageous to collect details of data from organizational reports of Gondar city water and sanitation office and Gondar city municipal in a short period of time. All data used in this study were secondary obtained from Gondar city water supply and sanitation offices daily, monthly and annual reports and from Gondar city municipal. Secondary research or desk research data analysis methods were used to achieve the study's general and specific objectives. The data obtained from secondary sources has been combined and presented in the form tables, charts, and figures combined with empirical evidence. A quantitative study was carried out in this research. The secondary sources include the National Water and Sanitation authority of Ethiopia, Gondar city Gondar city water supply and sanitation offices, and Gondar city municipality, Total population covered by the public water supply system, Per capita water demand per day, Design capacity and actual water production of Gondar public water supply system, and daily operational hours of public water supply system. Analysis of the current conditions was completed by evaluating the performance of the current water supply. The result was showing all water source were produced under their capacity because of detail study problem, management problem, energy inconsistency, seasonality of precipitation, electromechanically inefficiency, high migration to the city and high urbanization rate. The future water demand for casting were did from 2021-2034 the results again show that their water demand and supply imbalance will continue until 2029. Because of high population growth rate and urbanization expansion. Based on the present water design of the city the water balance between demand and supply will fully recovery after 2029. In generally to fill the gap between demand and water supply the city water supply and sanitation office should give attention to solve water scarcity of the Gondar city in the coming 12 years.

DOI 10.11648/j.ajasr.20230903.15
Published in American Journal of Applied Scientific Research ( Volume 9, Issue 3, September 2023 )
Page(s) 115-129
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This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Current and Future, Water Demand, Situation

References
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[2] Ali Amin et al. (2018). Analysis of Current and FutureWater Demands in the Upper Indus Basin under IPCC Climate and Socio-Economic Scenarios Using a Hydro-Economic WEAP Model. Water, 20.
[3] Atsede et al. (2012). City profile Gondar.: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/328503701, 29.
[4] Atsede, Mikyas et al. (2013). city profile gondar.
[5] Chala and Kassa. (2017). Water supply and demand scenario of Dilla Town, Southern Ethiopia. International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering, 7.
[6] Cruz. (2016). Analysis of current conditions and future needs of the public water supply system in dili, east timor.
[7] Cuiping Ren et al. (2019). Analysis of Water Supply and Demand based on Logistic Model. doi: 10.1088/1755-1315/300/2/022013IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 6.
[8] Dagnew, D. C. (2012). Factors determining residential water demand in northwestern ethiopia, the case of merawi.
[9] ECDSWCA and ADSWE. (2021, November). Amhara National Regional State Gondar City Administration Gondar Water Supply & Sewerage Service Gondar, Ethiopia. Study and Detail Design of Gondar Water Supply Expansion Project.
[10] Gedefaw et al. (2018). Variable selection methods for water demand forecasting in Ethiopia: Case study Gondar town. Cogent Environmental Science, 12.
[11] Huang, L. (2017). Supply and Demand Analysis of Water Resources based on System Dynamics Model. provided by Journal of Engineering and Technological Sciences, 16.
[12] Lumbroso, D. (2014). Handbook for the Assessment of Catchment Water Demand and Use. in collaboration with the Department for Water Development Ministry of Rural Resources and Water Development, Zimbabwe.
[13] Mariappan, N. (2011). Water Demand Analysis Of Municipal Water Supply Using Epanet Software. International Journal on Applied Bio-Engineering, 12.
[14] Mekuriaw, T. (2019). Analysis of Current and Future Water Demand Scenario in Yejube Town, Ethiopia. Int. J. Adv. Sci. Eng. Vol. 6 No. 2 1291-1304 (2019) 1291 E-ISSN: 2349 5359; P-ISSN: 2454-9967, 14.
[15] Mekuriaw, Gokcekus et al. (2020). Analysis of Current and Future Water Demand Scenario in. Civil and Environmental Research www.iiste.orgYejube Town, Ethiopia, 14.
[16] NMA. (2022). NATIONAL Meteorology agency - Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
[17] Pan, Hou et al. (2018). Conceptual Framework and Computational Research of Hierarchical Residential Household Water Demand. Water, 18.
[18] Reach. (2015). Improving Wter for the poor. London: School of Geography and the United KingdomEnvironment, South Parks Road,.
[19] Soboksa et al. (2019). Practices and challenges of water service delivery in wolaita sodo town, ethiopia. Int. J. Adv. Res. 7 (6), 358-372, 15.
[20] Wallingford. (2003). Handbook for the Assessment of Catchment Water Demand and Use. Harare: University of Zimbabwe, University of Zambia and the University of Zululand, South Africa.
[21] Wang et al. (2022). Analysis of the Water Demand-Supply Gap and Scarcity Index in Lower Amu Darya River Basin, Central Asia. International journal of Environment al research and health, 12.
[22] Zewdu, A. (2018). Assessment Of Water Supply In Gondar Town, Ethiopia: Challenges. journal of social scienece and management, 13.
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  • APA Style

    Workneh Ayall Negash, Ashenafi Bekele Mulatu, Menberu Teshome. (2023). Analysis of Current and Future Water Demand Situation in Gondar City Administration, Northwest Ethiopia. American Journal of Applied Scientific Research, 9(3), 115-129. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajasr.20230903.15

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    ACS Style

    Workneh Ayall Negash; Ashenafi Bekele Mulatu; Menberu Teshome. Analysis of Current and Future Water Demand Situation in Gondar City Administration, Northwest Ethiopia. Am. J. Appl. Sci. Res. 2023, 9(3), 115-129. doi: 10.11648/j.ajasr.20230903.15

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    AMA Style

    Workneh Ayall Negash, Ashenafi Bekele Mulatu, Menberu Teshome. Analysis of Current and Future Water Demand Situation in Gondar City Administration, Northwest Ethiopia. Am J Appl Sci Res. 2023;9(3):115-129. doi: 10.11648/j.ajasr.20230903.15

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  • @article{10.11648/j.ajasr.20230903.15,
      author = {Workneh Ayall Negash and Ashenafi Bekele Mulatu and Menberu Teshome},
      title = {Analysis of Current and Future Water Demand Situation in Gondar City Administration, Northwest Ethiopia},
      journal = {American Journal of Applied Scientific Research},
      volume = {9},
      number = {3},
      pages = {115-129},
      doi = {10.11648/j.ajasr.20230903.15},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajasr.20230903.15},
      eprint = {https://download.sciencepg.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ajasr.20230903.15},
      abstract = {Water scarcity will affect the majority of the world's countries by 2025. The majority of developing countries in Africa and Asia are severely impacted by issues related to access to clean and safe potable drinking water. Water production and demand are unbalanced, and as a result of the continuous interruption of the water supply system, residents are experiencing water-related problems. Clean water resources are becoming scarce as a result of climate change and population growth. The main objective of the study is to analyze the current and future water demand situation in the Gondar city administration. In this study, the researcher used a cross-sectional research design based on the ground that helps advantageous to collect details of data from organizational reports of Gondar city water and sanitation office and Gondar city municipal in a short period of time. All data used in this study were secondary obtained from Gondar city water supply and sanitation offices daily, monthly and annual reports and from Gondar city municipal. Secondary research or desk research data analysis methods were used to achieve the study's general and specific objectives. The data obtained from secondary sources has been combined and presented in the form tables, charts, and figures combined with empirical evidence. A quantitative study was carried out in this research. The secondary sources include the National Water and Sanitation authority of Ethiopia, Gondar city Gondar city water supply and sanitation offices, and Gondar city municipality, Total population covered by the public water supply system, Per capita water demand per day, Design capacity and actual water production of Gondar public water supply system, and daily operational hours of public water supply system. Analysis of the current conditions was completed by evaluating the performance of the current water supply. The result was showing all water source were produced under their capacity because of detail study problem, management problem, energy inconsistency, seasonality of precipitation, electromechanically inefficiency, high migration to the city and high urbanization rate. The future water demand for casting were did from 2021-2034 the results again show that their water demand and supply imbalance will continue until 2029. Because of high population growth rate and urbanization expansion. Based on the present water design of the city the water balance between demand and supply will fully recovery after 2029. In generally to fill the gap between demand and water supply the city water supply and sanitation office should give attention to solve water scarcity of the Gondar city in the coming 12 years.},
     year = {2023}
    }
    

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  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - Analysis of Current and Future Water Demand Situation in Gondar City Administration, Northwest Ethiopia
    AU  - Workneh Ayall Negash
    AU  - Ashenafi Bekele Mulatu
    AU  - Menberu Teshome
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    N1  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajasr.20230903.15
    DO  - 10.11648/j.ajasr.20230903.15
    T2  - American Journal of Applied Scientific Research
    JF  - American Journal of Applied Scientific Research
    JO  - American Journal of Applied Scientific Research
    SP  - 115
    EP  - 129
    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2471-9730
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajasr.20230903.15
    AB  - Water scarcity will affect the majority of the world's countries by 2025. The majority of developing countries in Africa and Asia are severely impacted by issues related to access to clean and safe potable drinking water. Water production and demand are unbalanced, and as a result of the continuous interruption of the water supply system, residents are experiencing water-related problems. Clean water resources are becoming scarce as a result of climate change and population growth. The main objective of the study is to analyze the current and future water demand situation in the Gondar city administration. In this study, the researcher used a cross-sectional research design based on the ground that helps advantageous to collect details of data from organizational reports of Gondar city water and sanitation office and Gondar city municipal in a short period of time. All data used in this study were secondary obtained from Gondar city water supply and sanitation offices daily, monthly and annual reports and from Gondar city municipal. Secondary research or desk research data analysis methods were used to achieve the study's general and specific objectives. The data obtained from secondary sources has been combined and presented in the form tables, charts, and figures combined with empirical evidence. A quantitative study was carried out in this research. The secondary sources include the National Water and Sanitation authority of Ethiopia, Gondar city Gondar city water supply and sanitation offices, and Gondar city municipality, Total population covered by the public water supply system, Per capita water demand per day, Design capacity and actual water production of Gondar public water supply system, and daily operational hours of public water supply system. Analysis of the current conditions was completed by evaluating the performance of the current water supply. The result was showing all water source were produced under their capacity because of detail study problem, management problem, energy inconsistency, seasonality of precipitation, electromechanically inefficiency, high migration to the city and high urbanization rate. The future water demand for casting were did from 2021-2034 the results again show that their water demand and supply imbalance will continue until 2029. Because of high population growth rate and urbanization expansion. Based on the present water design of the city the water balance between demand and supply will fully recovery after 2029. In generally to fill the gap between demand and water supply the city water supply and sanitation office should give attention to solve water scarcity of the Gondar city in the coming 12 years.
    VL  - 9
    IS  - 3
    ER  - 

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Author Information
  • Department of Development and Environmental Management, College of Social Sciences and Humanities, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia

  • Department of Development and Environmental Management, College of Social Sciences and Humanities, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia

  • Department of Development and Environmental Management, College of Social Sciences and Humanities, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia

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